This tutorial is for on your computer Ubuntu 15.04 "Vivid Vervet" Desktop novice installed here will tell you what things should be done after the installation, customize your system and install some basic procedures for daily use.
15 things to do after installing Ubuntu 15.04 Desktop
1. Enable additional Ubuntu repositories and update the system
After just installed Ubuntu you should be concerned about the first thing is to enable an official partner of Canonical's Ubuntu provides additional software libraries, and by the most recent security patches and software updates to keep systems up to date.
To do this, open the System Settings from the left menu -> Software and Updates tool and check all the Ubuntu software and other software libraries (Canonical partners provided), click the Close button and wait for the cache to reload the source tree.
Other software (Canonical partners)
For fast and smooth update, open a terminal and enter the following command to allow the system to use the new software libraries:
$ Sudo apt-get update
$ Sudo apt-get upgrade
2. Install additional drivers
In order to allow the system to scan and install additional proprietary hardware drivers, we are still open Software and Updates tool from the System Settings, select Additional Drivers tab and wait for the tool to scan the drive.
If you have the drive to match your hardware, view the drive you want to install and click the Apply button to install it. If a proprietary driver does not work as expected, with the Revert button to uninstall them or check Do not use the device after clicking the Apply button.
Install the driver
3. Install Synaptic and Gdebi tools
In addition to the Ubuntu Software Center, Synaptic is a graphical tool apt, through which you can manage, install, uninstall, and update software library search and configure packages. The same, Gdebi of local .deb package has a similar function. Enter the following command at the terminal to install these two packages:
$ Sudo apt-get install synaptic gdebi
Synaptic and install Gdebi
Synaptic Package Manager
4. Change the appearance and behavior of the system
If you want to change the desktop background or the icon size, open the System Settings -> Appearance -> Look, and personalize the desktop. Should move to the window title bar menu, you can set the Behavior tab.
5. improve system security and privacy
Enhanced System Security
6. Disable unneeded boot from the start of application
To improve the speed log into the system by entering the following command to display the hidden start-up applications.
$ Sudo sed -i 's / NoDisplay = true / NoDisplay = false / g' / etc / xdg / autostart / *. Desktop
In Dash search open Startup Applications tool, and unselected need to start in the process of logging in the program.
Disable unwanted applications
7. Add the extended multimedia support
By default, Ubuntu multimedia file support is not very good. To be able to play a variety of multimedia formats or parse video files, you can install the following multimedia applications:
Use the following command to install all at once these applications:
$ Sudo apt-get install vlc smplayer audacious qmmp mixxx xbmc handbrake openshot
Install Media Player
Playlist media player
In addition to multimedia player, install ubuntu-restricted-extras package and Java support can also decode and support for multimedia formats other restricted.
$ Sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras openjdk-8-jdk
Install Ubuntu Extras
Enter the following command in the terminal to enable DVD playback and other multimedia codecs:
$ Sudo apt-get install ffmpeg gstreamer0.10-plugins-bad lame libavcodec-extra
$ Sudo /usr/share/doc/libdvdread4/install-css.sh
Enable video decoder
8. Install image processing applications, and media burning software installed
If you are a photography enthusiast and want to adjust the image processing on Ubuntu, you may need to install some image processing program:
GIMP (a substitute for Adobe Photoshop)
Inkscape (a substitute for Adobe Illustrator)
These applications are installed from the Ubuntu Software Center, or immediately use the following command in the terminal:
$ Sudo apt-get install gimp gimp-plugin-registry gimp-data-extras darktable rawtherapee pinta shotwell inkscape
Installation image processing applications
If you want to mount the ISO image or burn a CD or DVD, you can select and install the software in the following paragraph:
Brasero Disk Burner
Furius ISO Mount
$ Sudo apt-get install brasero $ sudo apt-get install k3b $ sudo apt-get install xfburn $ sudo apt-get install furiusisomount
Installation media burning software
9. Install compression applications
If you want to deal with most of the archive file formats (zip, tar.gz, zip, 7zip rar, etc.), enter the following command to install these packages:
$ Sudo apt-get install unace unrar zip unzip p7zip-full p7zip-rar sharutils rar uudeview mpack arj cabextract file-roller
Install compression applications
10. Install chat application
If you want to chat with people around the world, here is a most popular Linux chat application list:
You can install them from the Ubuntu Software Center or by using the following command:
$ Sudo apt-get install pidgin
$ Sudo apt-get install skype
$ Sudo apt-get install xchat
$ Sudo apt-get install amsn
$ Sudo add-apt-repository ppa: atareao / telegram -y
$ Sudo apt-get update
$ Sudo apt-get install telegram
Install chat application
I want to install on Ubuntu Viber Viber can visit the official website to download the installation package to a local Debian, with Gdebi package management tool to install viber.deb application (right click -> Open -> GDebi Package Installer).
11. Install the software seeds
The most popular seeds in Ubuntu applications and P2P file sharing program are:
I want to install your favorite P2P file-sharing application on Ubuntu, type the following command in the terminal:
$ Sudo apt-get install deluge
$ Sudo apt-get install transmission
$ Sudo apt-get install qbittorrent
$ Sudo apt-get install linuxdcpp
Install software Seeds
12. Install Windows emulator -Wine and games support platforms -Steam
Wine emulator allows you to install and run the Window applications on Linux. On the other hand, Steam is a Linux-based system developed by Valve popular gaming platform. They want to install on your machine, you can enter the following command or use the Ubuntu Software Center.
$ Sudo apt-get install steam wine winetricks
13. Install the Cairo-Dock and enable desktop visual effects
Cairo-Dock is a beautiful and smart for the start bar on the Linux desktop, similar to the Mac OS X dock. Want to install it on Ubuntu, you can run the following command in the terminal:
$ Sudo apt-get install cairo-dock cairo-dock-plug-ins
Let Cairo Dock to automatically start
Want to enable a set of desktop effects, such as Cube effect, you can install the Compiz package using the following command:
$ Sudo apt-get install compiz compizconfig-settings-manager compiz-plugins-extra
Want to activate the Desktop Cube effect, look ccsm on Dash to open CompizConfig Settings Manager, find the General Options -> Desktop Size Horizontal Virtual Size and set the value of 4, Vertical Virtual Size is 1. Then check back Desktop Cube box (disable Desktop Wall) and Rotate Cube box (to resolve conflicts -> Disable switch views 1) and Ctrl + Alt + left-click to see the cube effect.
Compiz Settings widget
Rotating desktop window
14. Add other browsers
Ubuntu 15.04 The default browser is Mozilla Firefox. Want to install other browsers such as Google Chrome or Opera, you can visit their official website, .deb package to download and install the provided them with Gdebi Package Installer on your system.
Enabling Browser Support
I want to install Chromium open source browser, enter the following command in the terminal:
$ Sudo apt-get install chromium-browser
15. Install Tweak Tool
Want to use additional applications to customize Ubuntu it? Enter the following command at the terminal to install the Unity Tweak Tool and Gnome Tweak tool:
$ Sudo apt-get install unity-tweak-tool gnome-tweak-tool
Install Tweak Tool
Tweak Tool set
Another interesting tweak is mainly Ubuntu Tweak tool package, you can obtain and install by visiting the official website: http://ubuntu-tweak.com/.
Tweak Tool: System Information
After you install the software of this series, you might want to clean up your system to free up a little space on the hard disk, enter the following command:
$ Sudo apt-get-y autoremove
$ Sudo apt-get-y autoclean
$ Sudo apt-get-y clean
This is just some ordinary everyday use Ubuntu 15.04 Desktop is a need to adjust and installation procedures. For more advanced programs, features and functions, please use the Ubuntu Software Center or consult the Ubuntu Wiki page.