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  CentOS How quickly customize kernel binary RPM package
  Add Date : 2016-10-23      
  As more and more Linux server, underlying kernel version you want to keep the unity we need specialized custom binary packages to manage and easy to upgrade. RedHat-based course is to use rpmbuild do custom managed.

Today we divided two parts (root and ordinary users) to explain how to make the kernel binary rpm packages.

Building the host system environment conventions:

OS: CentOS release 6.6

Arch: i686

One, rpm package simple customization

Note: Here we first have to set aside at least 20GB of space for temporary files.

1, rpm pre-production environment to prepare:

yum -y groupinstall "Development Tools"
yum -y install ncurses-devel qt-devel
yum -y install rpm-build redhat-rpm-config asciidoc hmaccalc perl-ExtUtils-Embed xmlto
yum -y install audit-libs-devel binutils-devel elfutils-devel elfutils-libelf-devel
yum -y install newt-devel python-devel zlib-devel bc
2. Prepare the kernel source code components

cd / usr / src
wget -c https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/linux-3.19.1.tar.xz
tar -Jxvf linux-3.19.1.tar.xz
ln -s linux-3.19.1 linux
cd linux
make oldconfig # verify and update the configuration .config configuration file (if you want to modify some small place on the basis of the original kernel configuration)
make menuconfig # simple graphical kernel configuration management
3. At this point, we can begin to compile a new kernel rpm package

make rpm # generated automatically rpmtree, kernel.spec file, automatically compiles, generates all rpm package components, including debug package.
This time we wait, or a cup of tea or something.

Well, we find some precompiled kernel rpm package.

cd / root / rpmbuild / RPMS / `uname -m` /
tree RPMS /
1 directory, 3 files
4, install the new kernel

rpm -Uvh kernel - * -. rpm
5, reboot, verify the kernel version

uname -a
Two, rpm package depth customization

1, we first created rpm of "production workshop" (I think this is some of the image may be more).

yum install rpmdevtools # rpm tool to quickly create a production workshop
useradd -m builder # Create a temporary user to create RPM packages, if an error occurs, the builder does not destroy the existing system environment.
su - builder
rpmdev-setuptree # Create "workshop production"
It will generate the following directory structure in the builder user's home directory:

tree -L 1 ~ / rpmbuild /
rpmbuild /
2, preparation before compiling

At this point we need to collect the package with the new kernel source package into the / home / builder / rpmbuild / SOURCES directory

su - builder
cd ~ / rpmbuild / SOURCES
wget -c https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/kernel/v3.x/linux-3.19.1.tar.xz
# Note: rpmbuild is done by building source packages before gzip decompression work, it is required to convert the compressed .tar.gz package format.
# Here do not record
cp / boot / config-`uname -r`. # existing kernel configuration file config-`uname -r` copied to the SOURCES directory
Switch to the SPECS directory, generate kernel.spec:

tar Jxvf ../ SOURCES / linux-3.19.1.tar.xz -C.
bash ../linux-3.19.1/scripts/package/mkspec> ./ kernel.spec
rm -rf linux-3.19.1
# Here we need to use the manual source package provides a script file generated kernel.spec
# Remember after generation after kernel.spec, clean out the linux-3.19.1 folder
vim kernel.spec # can do the depth of customization based on individual circumstances
At this point, our preparation work is substantially complete, the directory structure and contents are as follows:

tree rpmbuild / -a
rpmbuild /
& Nbsp; & nbsp; config-`uname -r`
& Nbsp; & nbsp; linux-3.19.1.tar.gz
& Nbsp; & nbsp; kernel.spec
5 directories, 3 files
3, well, now we start compiling the kernel binary rpm package:

rpmbuild -bb --with baseonly --without debug --without debuginfo --target = `uname -m` kernel.spec
rpmbuild parameters:

(1) --with < option> specified compile a particular kernel, alternative option has baseonly, smponly and xenonly like.

(2) --without < option> specified remove some functional modules, optional option has xen, smp, up, pae, kdump, debug and debuginfo like. Wherein, debug options eliminate kernel debugging code, debuginfo option would prohibit the establishment of kernel-debuginfo packages.

After completion, go to ~ / rpmbuild / RPMS / `uname -m` / directory Get rpm installation package.
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