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  Echo Command Examples
  Add Date : 2018-11-21      
  Echo command is a built-in shell command, variable values for display or print a line of text.

echo command plays an important role in building a shell script.


# Echo [Options] [String]
Square brackets are optional items. It can be defined as a finite sequence of strings (e.g., letters, numbers, symbols, punctuation) characters.

When the echo command without any options or strings, it will return a blank line on the screen, followed by a line change to keep up with the command prompt. This is because pressing the Enter key is to send a signal to the system in order to start a new line, and repeat the echo signal.


-n do not output a new line-derived
-e enable interpretation of backslash escapes
-E Disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)
If you use the -e option, you can use the following escape sequences:

\ Backslash
\ A warning (BEL)
\ B backslash
\ C no further output
\ E Escape
\ F feed
\ N new line
\ R newline character
\ T horizontal tab
\ V vertical tab
\ 0NNN NNN octal byte value represented by (1-3 digits)
\ XHH NNN byte hexadecimal value represented by (1-2 digits)

Example: A value of 1 displays system-defined variables

Use the set command, we can list the system-defined variables. And to print the values of these variables, we can use the echo command:

jack @ localhost: ~ $ echo $ USER
jack @ localhost: ~ $ echo $ HOME
/ Home / jack
Example: 2 shows the value of the user-defined variables

jack @ nextstep4it: ~ $ var1 = `date`
jack @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo "Today's date time is: $ var1"
Today's date time is: Mon Jul 28 13:11:37 IST 2014
Example: 3 displays the text string

jack @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo "Hi this echo command testing"
Hithis echo command testing
Example: 4 backslash in echo command

jack @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo -e "Ubuntu \ bis \ bthe \ bbest \ bDesktop \ bOS"
The above command will print:


Example: 5 spaces with tabs in the echo command

nextstep4it @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo -e "Ubuntu \ tis \ tthe \ tbest \ tDesktop \ tOS"
The above command will display the following output:

Ubuntu is the best Desktop OS

Example: 6 Use vertical tab in the echo command

jack @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo -e "Ubuntu \ vis \ vthe \ vbest \ vDesktop \ vOS"
Example: 7 Set command echo color output

echo command to change the font type, font color and font background color, the escape sequence \ 033 can be used to change the font attributes. To escape sequence to take effect, you must use the -e option. Listed below are some of the escape codes:

[0m: Normal
[1m: Bold
[4m: Font Underline
[7m: reverse the foreground and background colors
[8m: invisible characters
[9m: interbank Font
[30m: Grey Font
[31m: red font
[32m: Green Font
[33m: Brown Font
[34m: blue font
[35m: Purple Font
[36m: light blue font
[37m: light gray font
[38m: black font
[40m: Black background
[41m: red background
[42m: green background
[43m: brown background
[44m: blue background
[45m: purple background
[46m: light blue background
[47m: light gray background
The following command will be printed in red.

jack @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo -e "\ 033 [31mMagic of Linux \ 033 [0m"
Magic of Linux
The following command will appear in bold red background and prints out "Magic of Linux".

nextstep4it @ nextstep4it: ~ $ echo -e "\ 033 [1m \ 033 [41mMagic of Linux \ 033 [0m"
Magic of Linux
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