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  Linux beginners to develop the seven habits
     
  Add Date : 2017-04-13      
         
         
         
  For many Linux beginners, at the beginning of use of the system will feel discomfort, which as we put together his previous Linux Getting Started when I was told the seven habits. Using the seven habits, the use of Linux will find days plus handy.

First, do not login as root. Accustomed to Windows with family always thought that the higher authority as possible, so we are pleased with the administrator account. But this may be an important cause of the virus often Windows harassment and insecurity. The higher the greater the responsibility of privilege, you have administrator privileges to be wary of anything that you do, but the error is inevitable. To root user login, it is possible to execute the wrong command, and finally ruin your system, it may inadvertently running malicious software, because usually in the root user mode, the default start any program are given the highest authority. If the system has security vulnerabilities are not patched, others can be completely controlled. Sign root user interface does not need to be convenient to make a positive, can use sudo or su command and exit when you finish the management. If you do not know how to use the command line, you can use gksu or kdesu into the GUI. For example, press Alt + F2 and play "gksu nautilus" and when you are done immediately end the program.

Secondly, sensible naming your files in the Linux environment, you can name the file as you wish, but the "/" root directory is private, and do not use invalid characters. Others are technically possible, but in order to avoid future trouble, try to use naming only letters, digits, and hyphens "-" and underscores "_" to avoid using the dollar sign "$", brackets and percent and other special characters that have special meaning for Shell, may cause a conflict. Avoid using spaces, handling files with spaces in the terminal would be foolish, but unfortunately a lot of people, especially Windows users are accustomed to doing so, you can use hyphens or underscores instead of spaces.

Third, your home directory on a separate partition, this will give you a lot of flexibility in the system or even reinstall the entire upgrade your version, will not lose data and personal settings. If it happens after you install the system and understand it, do not despair. You can follow in Carthik
One named ubantu Blog on "Move / home to it's own partition" step by step guide to complete the track.

Fourth, reasonable disaster management. Linux is relatively strong and stable, but any system will collapse. Before you CTRL-ALT-DEL to restart the system, you should learn how to deal with incidents encountered. You need to know how to easily restore your system without rebooting. Personally think that this case is divided into several different levels, if the first step does not work, please turn to the next step. First forced shutdown (xkill) program on the taskbar, which program if there is a problem, you can click on it to end the program. If the previous step does not work with the input terminal "ps -A", write down the problem that the process ID of the program, the end of it. You can also use killall command, such as "killall firefox-bin." If the entire graphical interface are frozen, it is not possible using a terminal, press CTRL-ALT-F1 to another terminal, and then try the method described above. Not enough, then you can use the CTRL-ALT-Backspace combination to restart the graphical interface, but note that this will end GUI programs you are running. Use CTRL-ALT-F1 then use CTRL + ALT + DEL so as not to immediately reboot your system, just reboot in normal mode, it is safe, provided that the CTRL-ALT-F1 available. If all else fails, they do not remember to press the reset button to force, try to Raise a Skinny
Elephant.

Fifth, do not be afraid to try different programs, graphics, and desktop management. Experiment until you find the most suitable for you. You may think so, you are now living in the best place in the world, but the world tour would not be harm? Perhaps maybe you can find a better place to live, if not, your travel time is worth a good taste, you are in other countries, their people and customs, and ways of thinking to understand more, eventually maybe you'll like it on this attempt. You try anything new will increase your knowledge, about a year's time you will be on Linux and open source world, there is a good grasp. Install a virtual machine with Vmware or Virtualbox, use them to do the test.

Sixth, you are familiar with the use of the command line. While not advocating that you have to learn the command line, there are too many articles always stressed the importance of learning the command line, particularly when using SSH to manage servers and other distal end. The best can be used to deal with some simple command-line administrative tasks. You can follow the instructions and manuals corresponding configuration, but do not blindly copy and paste.

Seventh, some preparations for your handy, portable put on your Linux system, whether it is stored on a USB flash drive or a CD in. I have had many such experiences, when a friend asked me to do something on his computer, but because of his choice of operating system problems can arise. Prepare their own flash drive Linux, ensure that you are for the environment is "clean, non-toxic", especially useful in rescue poisoning of Windows.
     
         
         
         
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