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  Linux systems for entry-learning: Install closed-source packages in Debian
  Add Date : 2018-11-21      
  Question: Do I need to install a specific device driver source close under Debian. However, I can not find and install packages in Debian. How to install closed-source packages under Debian?

Debian has a release of 48,000 packages These packages are divided into three categories:. Main, contrib and non-free, mainly based on license requirements, refer to Debian Open Source Software Guidelines (DFSG).

DFSG main depot including compliance with open source software. contrib also including compliance with DFSG open source software, but rely on closed-source software to compile or execute. including non-free does not comply with the DFSG, redistributable closed source software. main warehouse is considered part of the Debian project, but not the contrib and non-free. The latter two only for the user's convenience is maintained and available.

If you would like to have been able to install closed-source packages in Debian, you need to add contrib and non-free depot. To do so, open a text editor /etc/apt/sources.list add "contrib non-free" "to each source.

The following are examples of suitable /etc/apt/sources.list of Debian Wheezy.

deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy main contrib non-free
deb http://security.debian.org/ wheezy / updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://security.debian.org/ wheezy / updates main contrib non-free
# Wheezy-updates, previously called the 'volatile'
deb http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
deb-src http://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/ wheezy-updates main contrib non-free
Modifying source, run the following command to download the file index contrib and non-free software repository.

$ Sudo apt-get update
If you use aptitude, run the following command.

$ Sudo aptitude update
Now you search for and install any closed-source packages on Debian.
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