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  Ubuntu Apache virtual host configuration
  Add Date : 2018-11-21      
  Different from Windows, Apache, the configuration file is usually only one, is httpd.conf.

Native environment via apt-get install xxx

Linux, Apache configuration file is /etc/apache2/apache2.conf,Apache at startup automatically reads the configuration information in this file. Some other configuration files such as httpd.conf, etc., it is by Include instructions included.

There apache2.conf in sites-enabled directory in / etc / apache2 next there is a sites-available directory, in fact, there is the real profile, and sites- enabled directory is stored here are just some points to file symbolic links, you can use ls / etc / apache2 / sites-enabled / to confirm it.

So, if the apache is configured with multiple virtual hosts, each virtual host configuration files are placed in the sites-available, then the virtual host to disable, enable very convenient: When building sites-enabled at a point link to a virtual host configuration file, to enable it; if you want to shut down a virtual host, simply delete the link, there is no need to change the configuration file.

1. sudo cp /etc/apache2/sites-avaliable/000-default.conf, named test.conf

2. Modify the configuration file: test.conf

< VirtualHost *: 80 >

# The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that

# The server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating

# Redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName

# Specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to

# Match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this

# Value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.

# However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.

ServerName www.test.com

ServerAdmin webmaster @ localhost

DocumentRoot / var / www / html / test /

ErrorLog /var/www/html/test/error.log

CustomLog /var/www/html/test/access.log combined

< Directory "/ var / www / html / test" >

    Options FollowSymLinks

    DirectoryIndex index.php index.html index.htm

    AllowOverride All # Note that the configuration of the place, it will affect the local directory to enable .htaccess

    Order deny, allow

    Allow from All

< / Directory >

# Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,

# Error, crit, alert, emerg.

# It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular

# Modules, e.g.

#LogLevel Info ssl: warn

# For most configuration files from conf-available /, which are

# Enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to

# Include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the

# Following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only

# After it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".

#Include Conf-available / serve-cgi-bin.conf

< / VirtualHost >

3. Establish links file:

sudo ln -s /etc/apache2/sites-available/test.conf /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/test.conf

Or: sudo a2ensite test.conf

4. Restart the apache server

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

5. Modify the hosts (/ etc / hosts)

Add www.test.com

Here you can substantially normal to visit!

PS: If there is also the need for directory level URL rewriting support, continue down:

1. Run the terminal

sudo a2enmod

The program prompts for the name of the active module, enter: rewrite

Success will be prompted to rewrite already load

 2. Modify /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/test.conf (the link points to the site configuration file)
Under the AllowOverride property to All, save. (We have already configured for All)

 3. reload apache

sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
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